On Thu, Mar 28, 2019 at 1:10 PM David Hildenbrand <david(a)redhat.com> wrote:
On 22.03.19 17:57, Dan Williams wrote:
> Changes since v4 :
> - Given v4 was from March of 2017 the bulk of the changes result from
> rebasing the patch set from a v4.11-rc2 baseline to v5.1-rc1.
> - A unit test is added to ndctl to exercise the creation and dax
> mounting of multiple independent namespaces in a single 128M section.
> : https://lwn.net/Articles/717383/
I'm gonna have to ask some very basic questions:
You are using the term "Sub-section memory hotplug support", but is it
actually what you mean? To rephrase, aren't we talking here about
"Sub-section device memory hotplug support" or similar?
Specifically it is support for passing @start and @size arguments to
arch_add_memory() that are not section aligned. It's not limited to
"device memory" which is otherwise not a concept that
arch_add_memory() understands, it just groks spans of pfns.
Reason I am asking is because I wonder how that would interact with
memory block device infrastructure and hotplugging of system ram -
add_memory()/add_memory_resource(). I *assume* you are not changing the
add_memory() interface, so that one still only works with whole sections
(or well, memory_block_size_bytes()) - check_hotplug_memory_range().
Like you found below, the implementation enforces that add_memory_*()
interfaces maintain section alignment for @start and @size.
In general, mix and matching system RAM and persistent memory per
section, I am not a friend of that.
You have no choice. The platform may decide to map PMEM and System RAM
in the same section because the Linux section is too large compared to
typical memory controller mapping granularity capability.
Especially when it comes to memory
block devices. But I am getting the feeling that we are rather targeting
PMEM vs. PMEM with this patch series.
The collisions are between System RAM, PMEM regions, and PMEM
namespaces (sub-divisions of regions that each need their own mapping
> Quote patch7:
> "The libnvdimm sub-system has suffered a series of hacks and broken
> workarounds for the memory-hotplug implementation's awkward
> section-aligned (128MB) granularity. For example the following backtrace
> is emitted when attempting arch_add_memory() with physical address
> ranges that intersect 'System RAM' (RAM) with 'Persistent Memory'
> within a given section:
> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 558 at kernel/memremap.c:300 devm_memremap_pages+0x3b5/0x4c0
> devm_memremap_pages attempted on mixed region [mem 0x200000000-0x2fbffffff flags
> Call Trace:
> __wrap_devm_memremap_pages+0x58/0x70 [nfit_test_iomap]
> pmem_attach_disk+0x19a/0x440 [nd_pmem]
> Recently it was discovered that the problem goes beyond RAM vs PMEM
> collisions as some platform produce PMEM vs PMEM collisions within a
As side-noted by Michal, I wonder if PMEM vs. PMEM cannot rather be
implemented "on top" of what we have right now. Or is this what we
already have that you call "hacks in nvdimm" code? (no NVDIMM expert,
sorry for the stupid questions)
It doesn't work, because even if the padding was implemented 100%
correct, which thus far has failed to be the case, the platform may
change physical alignments from one boot to the next for a variety of
> given section. The libnvdimm workaround for that case revealed that the
> libnvdimm section-alignment-padding implementation has been broken for a
> long while. A fix for that long-standing breakage introduces as many
> problems as it solves as it would require a backward-incompatible change
> to the namespace metadata interpretation. Instead of that dubious route
> , address the root problem in the memory-hotplug implementation."
> The approach is taken is to observe that each section already maintains
> an array of 'unsigned long' values to hold the pageblock_flags. A single
> additional 'unsigned long' is added to house a 'sub-section active'
> bitmask. Each bit tracks the mapped state of one sub-section's worth of
> capacity which is SECTION_SIZE / BITS_PER_LONG, or 2MB on x86-64.
> The implication of allowing sections to be piecemeal mapped/unmapped is
> that the valid_section() helper is no longer authoritative to determine
> if a section is fully mapped. Instead pfn_valid() is updated to consult
> the section-active bitmask. Given that typical memory hotplug still has
> deep "section" dependencies the sub-section capability is limited to
> 'want_memblock=false' invocations of arch_add_memory(), effectively only
> devm_memremap_pages() users for now.
Ah, there it is. And my point would be, please don't ever unlock
something like that for want_memblock=true. Especially not for memory
added after boot via device drivers (add_memory()).
I don't see a strong reason why not, as long as it does not regress
existing use cases. It might need to be an opt-in for new tooling that
is aware of finer granularity hotplug. That said, I have no pressing
need to go there and just care about the arch_add_memory() capability